Brazilian Embroidery Technique (Brazilian Dimensional Embroidery): Features Of Seams And Stitches

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Brazilian Embroidery Technique (Brazilian Dimensional Embroidery): Features Of Seams And Stitches
Brazilian Embroidery Technique (Brazilian Dimensional Embroidery): Features Of Seams And Stitches

Video: Brazilian Embroidery Technique (Brazilian Dimensional Embroidery): Features Of Seams And Stitches

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Video: BRAZILIAN EMBROIDERY TUTORIALS: How to stitch flowers 2023, January
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Carnivals, coffee, football, since the end of the twentieth century also serials - these are the objects and phenomena that we usually associate with Brazil … But it turns out that a very interesting kind of handicraft was born in Brazil, which is called Brazilian embroidery.

Brazilian Dimensional Embroidery - This is a kind of European counted relief embroidery, made with a special type of artificial silk thread, which was originally produced only in Brazil.

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In essence, Brazilian embroidery is one of the options for volumetric embroidery (in other words, the pattern is not flat, but rather embossed). Most of these techniques use threads made of wool or cotton, but in Brazilian embroidery, a completely different material is used - rayon, and the threads used for it are twisted counterclockwise (this is called Z-twisting). To prevent such threads from unwinding during work, embroiderers should wind them on the needle during work in the opposite direction, that is, clockwise. Another characteristic feature of Brazilian embroidery is the lace-making elements included in it.

The main theme of Brazilian embroidery is plants: flowers, stems, leaves. What seams are used for this? For example, a type-setting seam, which is a weaving with a needle: the thread wraps around the needle several times, forming loops, through which the thread is then pulled, after having stuck the needle into the fabric. It is better to collect more loops so that the flower element is not loose, and the fabric does not wrinkle.

The leaves surrounding flowers and sepals are usually depicted using another method of weaving with a needle - brides. This means that you should pull out a loop several millimeters long, thread a free thread into it in order to hold the loop in this way while we twist it with a working thread, moving the turns to the base of the loop, and then remove the free thread (it is most convenient to use thread of a different color). Such an element - brida - does not lie flat on the fabric, but slightly bends (this is what gives the pattern a relief).

Used in Brazilian embroidery and the technique of lace making, which is well known to those who crochet - we are talking about pico. A pin is fixed on the fabric, the distance between the points of "entry" and "exit" of which should be equal to the length of the intended picot. The thread is wrapped around the pin, the needle is taken inside out, then back onto the face, then the needle is wrapped around the pin in the opposite direction, so that the central thread crosses the pin. So three threads of the base are obtained, which are intertwined from left to right, then from right to left, then again from left to right, moving to the base - until all the threads of the base are closed, then the thread is brought out to the wrong side and fixed.

Of course, these are just some of the techniques of Brazilian embroidery - there are many more. The result is strikingly realistic flowers, berries and even trees. Sometimes this embroidery technique is combined with others - for example, such embossed flowers can "rise" above the embroidered satin stitch background.

Brazilian embroidery is even used to decorate clothes - for example, in country style.

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Each needlewoman is happy to get acquainted with various techniques and trends of this kind of art as embroidery. Various ideas are also interesting for beginners who have only recently turned their attention to needlework. Be that as it may, Brazilian embroidery will not leave anyone indifferent.

It has a lot of features that distinguish it from other areas of this art form. It may initially seem to some that it is almost impossible to perform a masterpiece in this style without having the skills. But nothing is impossible, and if you familiarize yourself with the basic recommendations for implementation, you will definitely succeed in creating a canvas.

The imagination of the craftswomen, this technique amazes with the beauty of the work.

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To make the embroidery three-dimensional, special seams and loops are used. The latter differ in that, due to the peculiarities of the thread, the former are wound around the needle in a direction that is opposite to that used for other techniques. If this is not taken into account, the thread will unwind, therefore, the loop will not come out as it should.

To complete the work, needles must be used, the length of which is at least 5 cm.

Many fans of the technique according to which Brazilian embroidery is performed say that it is almost impossible to find threads used in the homeland of this style. But you can use threads with a similar composition. Some needlewomen use thin yarn or thick thread for sewing.

Ribbons are often used instead, which is another feature of Brazilian embroidery.

Check out some ideas in this style.

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rose flower

This flower is often the "protagonist" of works. Having learned how to recreate a rose according to the technique of Brazilian embroidery, you will be able to reproduce floral motifs in the composition.

For work you will need:

  • Viscose threads;
  • Needle # 3;
  • Linen or cotton fabric.

The central part and petals of the flower are made with type-setting seams.

We draw the thread to the front side of the canvas, make a stitch called "back needle", that is, draw the needle from right to left at almost the same point where the thread was pulled out, and leave it in this position.

We put the thread on the index finger of the left hand (on the back of it). Now we bend the finger, pull the thread and wrap it around the finger. We make a loop around the finger, first bringing it under the thread, which is now in work, and then under the one that is coming out of the fabric.

Now pull up the thread again, bring the loop with your finger to the tip of the needle, then put the loop on it, tighten it and move it closer to the point where the needle exits from the canvas.

In the same way, we collect the rest of the loops, there should be 11 of them in total.

We hold the loops with our hand and carefully thread the thread through them with a needle. To secure the seam, we pass the needle through the wrong side, bringing it exactly to the point where the thread exits.

Next, we tighten the last one, fix it. We do this carefully so that the canvas does not shrink. The center of the rose is ready.

We continue the Brazilian embroidery, making the volumetric petals of the first circle. For them, you need to take a thread whose tone is lighter than for the central part of the flower.

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So, Brazilian Dimensional Embroidery should not be confused with “volumetric embroidery”, because in it, the relief is created not by using auxiliary materials (beads, wire), but by combining and layering decorative stitches such as Couching, Woven picot, Bullion stitch, Cast on stitch, Drizzle stitch, French Knot and others.

Another fundamental difference between "Brazilian embroidery" from all other well-known techniques is the fact that its theme never goes beyond the plant world. The main object of this embroidery is all kinds of flowers and leaves, much less often - trees and herbs, very very rarely - small birds, and never - people, animals or inanimate objects.

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Main seams

For all Brazilian embroidery stitches, Milliners needles must be used.

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Couching ("coaching", "patch seam")

The simplest stitch of "Brazilian embroidery". They can be used to embroider stems and branches. The main thread is laid along the contour of the pattern, and then with small stitches (always inclined in the direction of the thread) is attached to the warp.

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Stem Stitch

Sew from left to right when sewing with Z-weave thread, and always place the thread above the stitch line.

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Leaf Stitch

Main seam for leaf embroidery. For the order of embroidery, see the figure, while the distance from A to B is equal to 1/3 of the length of the sheet.

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Bullion stitch

It is carried out as shown in the figure. If you are working with the original thread with a Z-shaped weave, always work clockwise (if with an S-shaped weave, then vice versa).The width of the "winding" on the needle should be equal (if the seam will lie on the fabric) or exceed (if the seam will rise above the fabric) the distance from A to B.

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Cast-on stitch

Embroider as shown.

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In order to achieve an airy (fluffy) effect ("Loose cast-on stitch"), the typesetting stitch should be sewn as shown in the figure.

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To sew up and down stitching, thread as shown in the illustration.

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You will need 2 strands of threads to sew the “double cross stitch”. Secure both ends of the thread with one knot.

Repeat the same steps as for a simple "inlaid stitch", only gaining volume, use alternately, then the right, then the left side of the thread (see figure).

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The visual difference between the three "inlaid stitches" (15 turns around the needle).

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Popular use of the "inlaid seam".

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Drizzle stitch

The seam is made perpendicularly (see figure) and is attached only on one side. It differs from all others in that the thread is first twisted around the needle, and then threaded into the eye of the needle.

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Woven picot

Braided stitch for embroidering petals.

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Detached buttonhole stitch

Embroider as shown. Used for embroidering leaves and petals, which can be fastened on one or both sides.

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Long-Tailed French Knot or Pistril stitch

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Thread

In Brazilian embroidery, only one type of Z-weave rayon thread can be used (such threads do not unwind during decorative stitches).

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Difference between EdMar silk floss and DMC cotton floss.

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True, they can be of different thicknesses and the most incredible monochrome or tinted colors.

If initially these threads were produced only in Brazil, now they are produced in other countries of the world, in particular in the USA.

So, one of the main suppliers of materials for Brazilian embroidery is the American company EdMar. In addition to 7 variants of threads in 200 colors (hand-dyed), she also offers special sewing needles of different lengths (Milliners needles).

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Threads from EdMar

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Glory - thin two-layer loose winding.

Iris (Iris) - medium two-layer with loose winding.

Frost - medium three-layer with a very hard winding.

Lola (Lola) - thick three-layer, great for thicker branches and stems.

Wax (Cire) - thick three-layer, slightly looser.

Lola Nova (Nova) - very thick six-layer with loose winding, which is useful for filling.

Bucle - bouclé threads.

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Other manufacturers

Madeira - 80 solid colors and 10 tinted colors.

DMC Satin (100% viscose) in a wide range of colors.

Sulky Rayon Thread - thin is available in 388 colors, thicker - in 102 solid and 54 tinted.

Gallery of embroidered robot

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