Zephyranthes - the plant, originating from Central and South America, has an average height, loves light, is not afraid of direct sunlight and blooms every year. The optimum temperature during active growth is 18-250C, and during rest, a low temperature is more favorable - 10-120C. During growth, regular watering is required, which is reduced during the dormant period. Watering the zephyranthes must be careful to avoid rotting the bulb. There are no special requirements for air humidity.
Many hobbyists grow the plant zephyranthes without even knowing exactly what it is. And although it is sometimes marketed under the name "water lily", it does not apply to liliaceae. This is a representative of this. Amaryllis, a relative of our hippeastrum. It has small, elongated onions at the top. Of the 70 species common in the warm regions of the Western Hemisphere, large-flowered zephyranthes can occasionally be found in culture, but more often we are talking about hybrids that go on sale under the names pink (Z. rosea), pink habraitus or powerful habraptus. How to distinguish zephyranthes from habrantus is described.
Growing in moderately heated, ventilated areas zephyranthes does not present any difficulties. They have many daughter bulbs. Pink flowers appear only in sufficiently lighted areas. In shading, only elongated linear leaves are formed, they are not very decorative. There are still leaves at the z. white (Z. Candida), a strong species with a beautiful flowering, in English gardens it grows outdoors.
Shine: bright place.
Temperature: room temperature; in winter, about 10 ° C is enough.
Substrate: ordinary ready-made substrates, to which a little sand is added. You can use # 6 with 1/5 sand or seramis; pH about 6.
Humidity: maintain constant humidity during growth, but avoid stagnant water. In winter, they water it only occasionally, but sometimes a different method is used - they contain the bulbs completely dry, with a full dormant period. Then the danger of rotting of the bulbs in winter is eliminated. Watering begins in February, very carefully at first. 3.White is occasionally watered even in winter so that the leaves are preserved on the plants.
Fertilizer: from spring to autumn, after 1 - 2 weeks, water with flower fertilizer.
Transfer: annually at the end of the dormant period. The bulbs are planted in the ground so that only their tops are visible from it.
Reproduction: when transplanting, numerous daughter bulbs are separated.
Caring for zephyranthes and even more so reproduction is not difficult and is very similar to growing hippeastrum.
Zephyranthes loves the bright sun very much and in the summer it is better to plant it in open ground. By the end of the season, a large bulb is formed, which will bloom profusely next year. It is not for nothing that in subtropical parks, zephyranthes are planted as a ground cover plant instead of a lawn. Low dense foliage, high reproduction rate allows it to quickly capture and hold space well.
Upstart bulbs are small, oblong, 1 to 3 cm long, growing in tight nests. They must be planted in several pieces in wide and low pots or deep bowls, burying them to the very top in the ground. For long bulbs, the neck is left on the surface. Prefers a fertile loose substrate of equal amounts of humus, turf and sand. Phosphate fertilizers can be added. Care should be taken to ensure good drainage, as zephyranthes do not like flooding.
In summer zephyranthes abundant watering is necessary, it is better to water from a pallet, in this case, compaction and leaching of the soil in the upper part of the pot, where shoots are expected, does not occur. In winter, the zephyranthes plant may not shed its leaves, but watering should be reduced and the pot should be placed in a bright, cool place. It is desirable to lower the temperature to 8-14 degrees.When growing zephyranthes, you need to pay attention to the moisture content of the soil and prevent it from drying out, as well as waterlogging.
Fertilizers are best given only mineral fertilizers and fed regularly during the season of active growth. After the appearance and disclosure of the first bud, feeding should be stopped and resumed only after the last flower withers. Some sources, on the contrary, believe that it is necessary to feed during the flowering period (perhaps they are right).
With vegetative propagation in zephyranthes usually there are no problems. He abundantly produces baby bulbs, which quickly fill the entire pot. The zephyranthes plant is propagated during transplantation, before or during dormancy. It is necessary to separate the children and plant them in a well-fertilized substrate, provide them with light and the next season the young bulbs will bloom.
Reproduction zephyranthes seeds are possible, but rarely resorted to. Sowing seeds should be carried out as early as possible after they ripen, as they quickly lose their germination. After storing the seeds for a long time, the sowing result may not be very good. In order to obtain seeds, artificial pollination is necessary, and they ripen within 2 months after it.
When sowing seeds, you need the same soil substrate as when planting bulbs. You can add some more peat. The soil is moistened and leveled. The seeds are sown at intervals of 2-3 cm. The dish is covered with foil, placed in a shaded place and kept at a temperature not lower than 22 ° C. Care must be taken to keep the soil moist all the time. Seedlings appear at 3-4 weeks. Seedlings will bloom only in the third year after sowing.