10 Laws Of Growing Indoor Plants

Advice 2023

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10 Laws Of Growing Indoor Plants
10 Laws Of Growing Indoor Plants

Video: 10 Laws Of Growing Indoor Plants

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Video: 10 BEST TIPS To Maintain INDOOR PLANTS or HOUSE PLANTS. 2023, February
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After carefully reading the 10 basic recommendations for caring for home flowers, you can well expect that the plants on your windowsill will be healthy and blooming.

Rule # 1: Everything has its time

Each operation related to the care of indoor plants is performed on time, in a certain way and at different intervals, depending on the season.

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Water in the spring more often, as the plant wakes up, gives new shoots, the consumption of nutrients is activated, all life processes. During the summer months, water more on sunny hot days, but reduce the frequency of watering if the temperature drops or the age increases. In the fall, the amount of water for irrigation is reduced, by winter reaching the minimum required at this time of the year. Fertilizers are used only during the period of intensive growth (from April to September). For most plants, replanting to a new pot is done in the spring. New roots have not yet formed, but vital functions have resumed completely. The pests are especially active in the summer months, so more attention is paid in the summer. But pruning is carried out in early spring.

Rule # 2: Lighting

Illumination in apartments is usually insufficient for most indoor plants. The lightest areas are located near windows and glass doors. Here, first of all, it is necessary to put flowering plants, decorative species (in particular, those that come from desert, dry climatic zones), spotted and with succulent leaves.

It is highly recommended to avoid direct sunlight on the plants, although some species and varieties, such as bilbergia, evergreen begonia, cyclamen, amaryllis, lily and geranium, tolerate them without consequences. In light shade, species such as ficus, philodendron, dieffenbachia, aralia, cissus, potos and sansevieria adapt well.

Plants that cannot stand the proximity of heat sources can be successfully placed on a shelf or in the center of the table. Among them are royal begonia, calathea, arrowroot, tradescantia and various types of ferns. Indoor azaleas, anthurium and saintpaulias are indoor flowering plants that can also tolerate low light levels. Among the most adapted for indoor plants we will name asparagus pinnate, aglaonema and tall aspidistra.

Rule # 3: Temperature and Humidity

These environmental characteristics are the most difficult to adjust according to the requirements of the plants.

In winter, in a heated apartment, it is necessary to maintain a temperature not lower than 18-20 ° C, and the humidity for most of them should be 30-50%. And if 18-20 ° C can be considered ideal for almost all indoor plants of tropical and subtropical origin, they would prefer even higher humidity. But this inconvenience can be eliminated - by lightly spraying the foliage with water. Potted flowering plants, which better adapt to the level of humidity in the apartments, prefer temperatures (2-3 ° C) colder than the average indoor temperature. Plants with succulent leaves should be kept at a temperature of about 10 ° C and low humidity. Even more important than adhering to temperature conditions is avoiding unexpected temperature fluctuations - jumps in temperature.

Never place plants in drafts or near heat sources. From the cold, some plants of tropical and subtropical origin, such as croton, dieffenbachia and dracaena, can, on the one hand, get serious damage if the temperature is lower (even slightly) 10 ° C, and on the other hand, they can suffer if they are placed nearby with batteries.To maintain the desired humidity level, you can create the most suitable microclimate for the most capricious species using large pots filled with pebbles or expanded clay.

Rule # 4: Watering

There are certain recommendations regarding the rate of watering, which is dictated primarily by the type of plant and its vegetative phases. For example, philodendron and all aroids in winter, as a rule, slow down their growth, but they do not have a complete rest period. Therefore, watering them, even in winter, must be continued, slightly moistening the rod wrapped in moss, which is used as a support. But mulberries, in particular Benjamin's ficus, stop growing in winter, and watering is practically reduced to a minimum. If plants with succulent leaves are cultivated in appropriate conditions, then they will calmly endure the winter without watering at all without problems.

Here are a few tips on how to water indoor plants:

1. Always water sparingly;

2. water only after checking soil moisture;

3. never water with cold water;

4. to water and spray with water only foliage of those species that are favored by such treatment.

Rule # 5: Pallet

Is it good not to fill the sump with water? No, it's not good. The sump serves to drain off excess water after irrigation, so this water is poured out. But some plants, especially in summer, do better when watering - pouring water into trays. However, excess and stagnant water in the pot should always be avoided so that the roots do not suffocate and rot.

In particular, cyclamens, bulbous and tuberous, as a rule, do not tolerate excess watering, but prefer a soil that is constantly kept moist, although never oversaturated with water. Therefore, the plants are immersed in water a few fingers thick, and then allowed to drain and the plant is placed in a dry place.

Rule # 6: Top dressing

Plants absorb nutrients from the soil through their roots. The individual elements that make up these nutrients, such as iron, nitrogen, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and sulfur, are vital to plants, and a lack of them causes serious, sometimes irreversible, damage. As with watering, houseplant fertilization cannot be limited by precise general rules. Houseplants develop relatively slowly, so the amount of fertilizer applied must be strictly normalized.

Recently, it has become more and more popular to apply fertilizers with irrigation water, namely: add a crystalline or liquid fertilizer to the water for irrigation. The commercially available preparations are accompanied by detailed instructions and recommendations for the use of fertilizers in different phases of vegetative growth, including the flowering of the plant.

It is usually advised to adhere to the minimum indicated doses, using higher ones only in the case when the plant shows symptoms of a lack of nutrients. There are also so-called prolonged-release fertilizers with a control dosage. They are produced in capsules and when in contact with the water available in the soil, they slowly spread over 30, 90 or 150 days, depending on the substance.

Attention! Never apply fertilizer during dormancy, under newly acquired plants or newly transplanted into a new pot, and especially under plants in dry soil.

Rule # 7: Placing Plants in the House

Choose a permanent location for the new plant carefully.

You can rearrange the pot as needed for maintenance operations. But then it must be returned to the same place. Plants are living things that have the ability to adapt to the environment: they get used to lighting, temperature, humidity, and special qualities of the environment. Therefore, the pots should not be stirred from place to place unnecessarily.

Here we are not talking about taking the plant under the open sky and back into the room, depending on the season.The uncomfortable state of the plant can manifest itself in a slight yellowing and even leaf fall, but gradually the plant gets used to the new conditions. If you rearrange it again, the adaptation process will slow down and this time the plant will suffer profoundly. Therefore, the most important criteria for choosing a place in the house for a plant should be considered the requirements of the plant, and not the aesthetic result.

Rule # 8: Transplanting into a new pot

This delicate and important operation is undertaken only and exclusively when it really cannot be done without it. It is widely believed that replanting should be done whenever symptoms of weakening, such as yellowing of foliage and stunted growth, appear. But they can also be associated with a lack of nutrients or the appearance of pests or diseases.

To resolve the issue, small plants are easily removed from the pot along with the soil, turning it upside down and helping by tapping the outside of the pot with the palm of your hand. The situation is different with large plants that sit in large pots or jardinieres. In this case, it is better to make a partial replacement of the soil, refusing to transplant into a new pot.

Tips and helpful hints

1. Transplant only when necessary, namely when the roots completely penetrate the entire soil

2. Choose the appropriate period, which usually happens in March - early May

3. Choose a container, the dimensions of which should in no case significantly exceed the dimensions of the previous one, it is enough that the diameter is 2 cm larger

4. Avoid damage to the roots, it is sometimes useful to carefully trim them: remove only dried and dead tissue

5. The bottom of the pot is lined with drainage material.

6. Place the plant in the center of the container, carefully making sure that the root collar (where the stem ends and the roots begin) coincides with the soil surface

7. Using a special soil for plants, fill, tamp, with it the space between the clod and the walls of the container so that no voids remain under the clod and around it.

8. Do not fill the pot up to the top, leave 1-2 cm from the edge, this will make watering easier.

9. After completing the operation, spill the soil abundantly, observing its final shrinkage.

Rule # 9: Maintain Appearance

Indoor plant hygiene is, first of all, the removal of dried and dead twigs or leaves - an important operation also because it is on these parts that diseases and pests usually develop.

At the same time, they adhere to some general rules.

1. When you remove dried or damaged parts, be careful not to accidentally damage healthy parts of the plant.

2. Carry out the pruning, making a neat cut using a tool with sharply sharpened cutting edges, the removed leaves are cut off at the point of attachment of the petiole to the stem.

3. Another important pruning operation is the cleaning of plants with broad, bare foliage, such as Dieffenbachia, Philodendron and Aralia. It is carried out by gently wiping the surface of the leaves with a cotton swab dipped in water. Commercially available and approved preparations can be used instead of water.

4. But in this case, do not overdo it with their use, especially if these substances are produced in cans, and spray from a distance of at least 15-20 cm: cold gas is used in aerosols, which can cause burns to foliage.

Rule # 10: Diseases and pests

The fight against diseases and pests of indoor plants is a difficult and not always easy to implement: either because it is difficult to determine exactly which pest attacked the plant, or because not all the necessary drugs can be used because of their toxicity.

That is why it is so important to prevent possible diseases in advance by purchasing healthy plants in flower shops or well-established shopping centers.

Avoid as much as possible the stresses arising from the growing conditions - place the plants in appropriate conditions for this species and do not place diseased specimens next to healthy ones. Once a plant is brought into the home healthy, it is unlikely to get sick with proper care and placement. If the disease does appear, it is better to seek advice from a flower shop or a specialized sales center.

And one last note. Oftentimes, when the plants in the home become stained, dry and discolored, this could be due to physiological problems caused by improper cultivation. The reason is usually fungal diseases. In this case, the best way to get rid of them is to change the environmental conditions and appropriate care.

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