How To Shape Pepper Properly?

Table of contents:

How To Shape Pepper Properly?
How To Shape Pepper Properly?

Video: How To Shape Pepper Properly?

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: How to Cut A Bell Pepper | Gordon Ramsay 2023, January
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Stage one - removal of the crown bud

Until a certain point, the pepper grows into one stem, but when it reaches a height of 15-20 cm (depending on the variety), it begins to branch out, forming several branches. At the branching point, the first flower bud is formed, which growers call the crown.

It should be removed for better branching and development of the bush.

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Stage two - removing unnecessary shoots

Most often, plants form in two or three shoots, leaving the strongest of those that have formed from a fork with a crown bud. The rest are pinched - that is, they cut off the growth point, the top.

As a rule, by this time, 10-12 leaves are already formed on the bush. The remaining shoots of the first order are called skeletal, and they will form a bush.

Skeletal branches soon begin to branch out in the same way as the main stem, forming a "fork", in the center of which a bud is formed.

We do the same with such branches: we leave the strongest shoot, and pinch the weak ones above the flower bud and the first leaf.

For reference. It is imperative to leave one leaf on the shoot to be removed, since it feeds the ovary of the future fetus located under it.

main stem (stem);

shoots of the first order;

shoots of the second order;

main skeletal branches.

With each subsequent branching, we do the same, pinching weak shoots above the first leaf.

On each branch, flower buds will appear, and subsequently ovaries. They are left, and those that grow in internodes are removed. It is enough to leave 15-25 fruits on one bush.

Stage three - removal of sterile shoots and lower leaves

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The instruction for growing peppers recommends periodically examining the developing bush and identifying barren shoots by removing them. They form below where the main stem forks.

Leaves should also be removed there, which do not participate in the nutrition of the ovaries, but shade the plantings and suck the juices out of the plant.

Advice. At the same time, remove damaged and diseased leaves from the bush, wherever they grow. The price of the issue is the health of the whole plant.

It is important to remember that the formation of ovaries, the growth and ripening of fruits depend primarily on the lighting of the greenhouses. If the plant does not have enough light, even with abundant flowering, the fruits may not set.

Therefore, as it grows, you will need to trim off all excess leaves:

The leaves on the main stem are pruned when the fruits from the first cluster have reached technical ripeness (corresponding to the variety in size and shape).

When the fruits grow on the second cluster, the leaves located under it are removed.

Attention! You can cut no more than two leaves at a time!

Do the same with the leaves under all other ripening fruits. But the last removal must be done about a month and a half before the end of the season and the final harvest. During this time, the plant should be left alone.

Stage four - pinching of skeletal branches

When a sufficient number of fruits have formed on the bush, pinching the growth points on the main branches helps to accelerate their growth. The plant stops growing and spending energy on new ovaries, completely directing them to existing ones.

This process must also be carried out one and a half months before the expected end of pepper cultivation.

Conclusion

You should think about the formation of bushes even at the stage of planting seedlings: the scheme for planting pepper in a greenhouse can seriously affect this process. In addition, it is advisable to think over the design of trellises for tall varieties, in which each skeletal shoot is tied separately.

If you do not ignore these important processes of caring for pepper, it will reward you with an excellent harvest.

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