The best techniques to improve the growth of vegetables are those based on natural ingredients. And this is proven by the experience of American farmers. Often, gardeners believe that if you limit yourself to one or two crops and pay maximum attention to them, you can achieve excellent results and collect a rich harvest. However, farmer John Jeavons is a proponent of the exact opposite method.
In his possession there are almost 60 beds with different crops, while they are given a minimum of attention. No weeding, no pesticide spraying, or taking care of every bush. And all thanks to a unique method developed by a farmer from the United States.
Vegetable growing according to Jevons
The technology for obtaining a high yield is based on the active participation in the cultivation of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. This method was titled Biointensive by Jevons and is the centerpiece of How To Grow More Vegetables Than You Can Imagine On Less Plot Than You Think. The book contains personal observations and experience of the author, as well as data obtained by Japanese and Russian scientists in the cultivation of cucumbers with the help of bacteria.
The results that Jevons cites in his book are incredible. These are, of course, high-yielding varieties planted in relatively warm climates.
However, according to the developer of the methodology, such indicators can be achieved even in a temperate climate.
How to get an overharvest?
To achieve high results, you do not need to radically change the system of work in the garden. You just need to follow the advice from Jevons' book.
Here are the main ones:
you need to plant plants at the same time as recommended for your area. It does not matter if seeds or seedlings will be planted;
you need to arrange the plants in a checkerboard pattern, then the distance from stem to stem and from fossa to fossa will be the same. The holes are dug at the distance indicated in the table.
on experimental plots in Japan and near Moscow, the harvest of cucumbers was 1.7 times higher than the average. The consumption of microorganisms in this case was no more than 1 tbsp. l. 10 liters of water.
to combat powdery mildew, late blight, anthracnose and rot, a special mullein solution is used. The bucket is 1/3 filled with mullein and 2/3 filled with plain water. The composition wanders for 5-7 days. After that, dairy waste is added to it - buttermilk, reverse and milk whey, rotted hay for 2/3 of a bucket and 1/3 of water. After that, humus is applied to the beds.
Divide the area into beds and walking paths. The width of the beds is 1.2 m, and the paths are no more than 0.5 m. Planting is carried out across the beds and you cannot enter them anymore. Pour a layer of humus 5-7 cm thick on the garden bed, then dig it up "on a bayonet" and remove the dug soil. Then repeat the procedure, that is, fill it with humus again, dig it up and then fill it with a layer extracted for the first time
Unexpected effects of feeding
Aerobic bacteria live on the surface, no deeper than 5 cm from ground level. Due to their activity in the spring, maximum efficiency is achieved, since the plant does not spend energy fighting late blight, powdery mildew and other diseases.
However, an even greater effect can be achieved with conventional liming. As it turns out, adding lime doesn't just change the acidity (pH level) of the soil, it changes its composition. For many weeds (like woodlice), a change in the habitual environment turns out to be fatal and they disappear. The soil remains loose for several years, since air and water penetrate into it without restrictions to a depth of 1 m.
Jevons discovered another interesting point.If a small amount of water is introduced under the root of the plant to a depth of 15-20 cm, it will provoke a rise in moisture from the depths of the earth. Thus, there is practically no need for surface watering - plants will receive a sufficient amount of liquid from the depths and from root application.
Practical application of the Jevons method
So, in order to increase the yield on your site, you need to follow several recommendations.
- Lime the whole garden in the fall. Rains will moisten the soil abundantly, in winter the moisture will freeze and, due to expansion, will create additional cavities. In the spring, the liquid melts and the soil remains loose.
- In spring, aerobic microbes and worms are activated, which enhance the loose effect at depths of up to 1 m.
- Compost is harvested from spring to autumn from any organic waste. Additionally, it can be treated with a microbial solution that is sold in a store. For irrigation, 1 tbsp is added to a 10-liter bucket of water. l. microbial solution.
Microbes are killed by solutions of salts, acids and alkalis. Therefore, you will have to forget about fertilizing with fertilizers.
But it is difficult to grow vegetables without any "chemistry". There remains the option of foliar feeding - by leaves. The recommended dose should be reduced by 3-4 times so as not to burn the leaves. For example, in the ratio of 0.5 liters of fertilizer to 10 liters of water.
Now we will consider the application of Jevons' technology with specific examples:
- Garlic. Processed and prepared garlic is planted in September according to the lunar calendar. In the spring, the aisles are loosened with a flat cutter and foliar top dressing is applied 3-4 times at intervals of 3 days. After the garlic has begun to grow, the soil is watered with a microbial solution. Each subsequent watering takes place as needed, but always with a solution with bacteria. About a week before the final ripening, the garlic is dug up, dried in the shade, the roots and tops are cut off.
- Strawberry. The plantation is planted in the fall. Foliar fertilizers were applied three times: after the final snow melt, before and during flowering.
- Potatoes. The planting material is processed and germinated. A handful of compost and 1 tbsp. Are added to the planting hole. l. wood ash. Large potatoes are cut into slices to get 2-3 sprouts. An incision is made on a small one, but not completely, so that more sprouts form. Both onion peel and a preparation for pre-planting treatment are introduced into the hole.
After planting potatoes, the entire surface is watered with a microbial solution. The Colorado potato beetle is harvested by hand and periodically watered with a composition with a microbial solution.
The secret of microbial composition
The basic working microbial composition is prepared as follows:
- in 1 liter of serum dissolve 1 tsp. a spoonful of sour cream;
- in 1 liter of water (any, except from the tap) add 1 tbsp. l. honey;
- both compositions are mixed and water is added to make 10 liters of solution;
- to improve the activity of microbes, you can add 10 g of yeast;
- glass, wood or plastic containers are stored in places without light.
- The composition is infused for about two weeks. The finished solution is added as needed.
These are not all the secrets of Jevons' technology, but even they are enough to change the usual view of the methods of growing plants. The natural combination of "bacteria + plants" is able to give an unprecedented harvest.