Usually perennials are sown in February-March for seedlings, in spring they are transplanted into the ground, and this season the plants mainly increase the green mass, and only in the next they please with flowering. But among them there are those that bloom in the first year.
The so-called express perennials are grown in seedlings. From January to March, they are sown in moist fertile soil: a mixture of sod or leafy soil, humus, peat and river sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 1 is used. In this case, before sowing, it is advisable to shed the soil with a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Seedlings are fed regularly. If the leaves of the plants are pale, ammonium nitrate is used (20 g per 10 l of water), if the seedlings grow slowly, they are sprayed with a growth stimulator (Epin or Zircon - it is enough to dilute 2 drops of the drug in a glass of water). In open ground, seedlings are planted along with other perennial flowers and care for these plants in the same way.
So, let's see what beautiful perennial flowers should be planted in the garden in order to enjoy their lush bloom in the first year.
This is a tall (up to 70 cm) perennial "chamomile" with bright yellow-orange-red petals and pubescent leaves. It is unpretentious, grows quickly, blooms throughout the summer. But for the flowers to be bright, plants need to be planted in sunny areas where moisture does not stagnate.
Gaillardia seeds are sown for seedlings in late March and watered moderately. At the same time, they are not sprinkled with earth, but simply covered with polyethylene or glass and placed in a room with a temperature of 20-24 ° C. Gaillardia does not tolerate waterlogging, therefore, after the emergence of seedlings, watering is reduced.
Outwardly, helenium looks like Gaillardia - the same bright orange or yellow "chamomile". But still, these plants have differences.
Despite the name, helenium does not bloom in autumn, but in summer. The peduncle can reach a height of 150 cm. This flower is unpretentious, loves sunny and humid places. Seeds for seedlings are sown in February, and in May, seedlings are planted in open ground.
The delphiniums of the Belladonna group appeared as a result of the crossing of the tall delphinium and the large-flowered delphinium. These plants have tall (up to 2 m) stems, on which paniculate inflorescences of large simple or semi-double flowers in the shape of a bowl are located. Most often they are blue, white, light blue or purple.
Seeds are sown on seedlings superficially in early February. They are lightly sprayed with water, covered with foil and placed in a dark place with a temperature of 15-18 ° C. When shoots appear (usually after 15-20 days), the container with the seedlings is transferred to a bright room with a temperature of 19-22 ° C and the film is removed.
Seedlings are watered sparingly, 2 months after sowing, they are planted one at a time in pots with a volume of 1 liter, in May they are "relocated" to open ground, and in June they already admire the spectacular flowering.
This plant has paniculate inflorescences with small red flowers at the ends of tall peduncles (about 90 cm high). Kentrantus is similar to valerian, but unlike it does not have healing properties.
In order to enjoy the abundant bloom of red inflorescences, similar to clouds, in summer, seeds are sown in late February - early March. The container is kept at a temperature of 20-22 ° C and supplemented so that the seedlings receive light for at least 6 hours a day.
After the appearance of 2-3 true leaves, the plants are seated one at a time and kept at a temperature of 16-18 ° C. At the end of May, the seedlings are planted in open ground and fed with complex mineral fertilizer every 2 weeks.
Kentrantus prefers loose, fertile soil. The plant is watered only in dry weather, and in such conditions it blooms perfectly until September.In late autumn, the stems are cut off and covered with spruce branches or spunbond for the winter.
Delicate white and purple bells will decorate any flower bed, but they look best in a rocky garden.
The seeds are sown superficially in the first half of February, watered, covered with foil and kept at a temperature of 18-21 ° C. The soil is regularly moistened. After 2-2.5 months, the seedlings dive into separate pots with a diameter of 8-10 cm, and in May they are transplanted into open ground. This plant is undemanding in care: it needs periodic weeding, watering in dry times and short pruning in the fall.
Chinese rose angel wings
This unpretentious rose, only about 30 cm high, can grow both outdoors and at home in a container. On a low bush, numerous semi-double and double roses of white-pink color bloom. With the timely removal of wilted flowers, new buds are quickly tied.
Rose seeds are sown in February-March in peat soil, lightly sprinkled with vermiculite, watered with a spray bottle and covered with plastic wrap. The seedlings are kept at a temperature of 18-20 ° C and are sprayed daily with water at room temperature. After the emergence of seedlings, the temperature is reduced to 10-14 ° C, and when several true leaves are formed, the plants are planted in separate small containers, and in May - in open ground.
Several clematis are referred to as express perennials: Tangut, Oriental, sawnose, etc. In flower beds, Tangut clematis is most often grown as a spectacular liana. Its shoots (about 2.5 m long) are densely covered with golden yellow bell flowers.
Seeds are sown from January to March in large grooves, lightly sprinkled with sand, moistened and covered with foil. Crops are sprayed with water every day. After the appearance of real leaves, the seedlings are seated in cups one at a time, and in the second half of May they are transplanted into open ground. To make the liana curl better, pinch it over 2-3 leaves.
This perennial has strong and straight shoots (up to 70 cm high) in June-July, strewn with white, pink, purple, lilac or purple flowers with a diameter of about 10 cm.
Seeds are sown for seedlings in February and left in a room with an air temperature of 18-20 ° C. When true leaves appear, the seedlings are planted in separate pots and grown at a temperature of 10 ° C. Seedlings are moderately watered and fed once a week with a complex mineral fertilizer, and in mid-May they are planted in open ground.
Scabiosa grows well in sunny areas and prefers humus-rich soil. To make the color of the flowers bright, the plants are fed with potassium-phosphorus fertilizer 2 times a month. For the winter, the stems of the plant are cut and covered with spruce branches.
Lobelia is beautiful
This spectacular flower resembles a delphinium with the shape of a bush and inflorescences. The color of flowers is different: purple, blue, scarlet, salmon, red, wine.
Seedlings develop for 4 months, so the seeds are sown superficially in late January - early February in loose soil with neutral acidity. The container with seeds is placed in a well-lit place with a temperature of 18-22 ° C and the ground is sprayed with water 1-2 times a day.
For the successful cultivation of lobelia seedlings, 16-hour daylight hours are required, so the seedlings are supplemented.
When real leaves appear, the temperature is reduced to 13-16 ° C. A month after sowing, the plants are planted in separate containers, and at the end of April - beginning of May they are transplanted into open ground. Lobelia prefers sunny places with moderately moist soils.