At all times, people from different countries had to hide from weather surprises. The heat of the afternoon or sudden rain could ruin the mood or force the celebration to be carried back to the house. The terrace made it possible to decorate the house with living plants and not depend on the weather. Indeed, in a cozy courtyard under a canopy or the roof of a terrace attached to the house, the scorching sun or rain are equally not afraid.
The use of such shelters has been known since ancient Rome. Then the courtyards were beautifully decorated with flowers with fountains under the picturesque pergolas. Spain and Australia did not stand aside. Their terraces cannot be confused with others.
The first ones are necessarily lined with mosaics with many flowers in pots on the ground and on the walls. The latter are paved with terracotta tiles with a fountain in the middle and a huge amount of decorative elements. Here you can find everything: from flowers to trees and from amphorae to fruit vases.
Terraces attached to the house, and their difference from verandas
They are any flooring made on a prepared substrate. The addition of a terrace to the house is done at the ground floor level. It has no walls, but only a low balustrade, which has a rather decorative and restrictive function.
As for the canopy, it may not be at all near the open terrace to the house or cover only part of its area. Construction options are acceptable when the roof is erected over the entire site attached to a private house.
The veranda is essentially a closed terrace. That is, the same building, only with walls that protect from wind and rain. In fact, it becomes an unheated room attached to the dacha. But it plays the same role: it is where guests are met and relaxed.
How to choose a place to build a terrace to the house?
If it combines the functions of a veranda or porch, then it should be attached to the side of the house where the front door is located. Then the terrace can also become a porch and a seating area (it all depends on the size of the extension).
Sometimes you can see a house with a terrace and a veranda. Then the latter is in place of the porch, and the first is attached along the wall that borders the kitchen or dining room. Then it is necessary to provide for a direct exit to an open area for ease of movement.
The option of placing the terrace along several walls of the cottage is not excluded. Then it smoothly flows from the porch to the recreation area or barbecue. Sometimes the terrace even covers the entire perimeter of a private house.
How to make a terrace to the house: size and material
If it is only a platform that replaces the porch, then it should allow two adults to miss each other. This will require a width of 120 cm.
For the terrace, on which a table for six will be placed, it will be necessary to allocate a space of 4 square meters. Indeed, in addition to the table, there will also be chairs with other pieces of furniture. When you want to leave enough space for movement past the table and put a garden sofa, then the area of the terrace should not be less than 7 and a half square meters.
The question of the shape that the terrace will have in a wooden house depends on the canopy or roof. And they most often have straight lines. Therefore, the floor near the terrace is square or rectangular. But it may not be all covered from above.
Therefore, the boundaries of the site are allowed to be made completely arbitrary. There are broken lines or rounded ones, which are dictated by the architecture of the house or the landscape of the site.
The style of the house also determines the material that will be indispensable in the design of the extension. So near a brick house, a wooden terrace with brick or stone columns will look harmonious. A terrace attached to a wooden house can only be made of wood.
But the glazed extension is universal, that is, it will be combined with both a wooden cottage and a brick house or a stone estate. For the last two options, you can choose a terrace with wrought iron elements.
A special board can be used for the manufacture of the terrace flooring. In addition, the following floor design options are permissible:
- concrete or asphalt pavement;
- paving or clinker tiles;
- gravel or natural stone;
- rubber tiles.
Country house with a terrace: should two buildings be connected?
Immediately after the construction of the house, natural processes occur that lead to the fact that the building subsides. The amount of shrinkage gradually becomes smaller and soon stops. Since the house and the terrace have different weights, the amount and rate of shrinkage will be different for them. If they are tightly linked, it will lead to the destruction of one of the buildings.
Usually, a one-storey house with a terrace is built on separate foundations. Moreover, the depth and strength of the foundation for them can differ significantly. How to choose the right foundation, read this article http://domdir.ru/kakoi-fundament-vybrat/. To make the structures look like a single whole, they are fastened with expansion joints. So it is possible to achieve a free displacement of the terrace relative to the summer house.
How to build a terrace to the house: a question of the foundation
You need to start by laying it by an amount exceeding the depth of soil freezing. This will avoid unexpected movement of the terrace after the spring ice melt.
Since the extension consists mainly of a flooring and several supports for a canopy, a simple columnar foundation will withstand it. It can be made of concrete. To do this, you need to dig a hole to the desired depth. Pour a pillow into it from the following layers: crushed stone, sand, gravel. It is supposed to make a formwork from the boards in the shape of the foundation pillars and fill them with a concrete mixture.
If necessary, then these pillars can be built up using brickwork. During the construction of the foundation, do not forget about the reinforcement of all surfaces.
Now it remains to lay the frame for the open flooring on this foundation. Lay the floor and install the railings. If there is a canopy above the terrace, then vertical supports will need to be fixed to the frame for it.