Nowadays, humanity is so accustomed to many things that make life more convenient and simpler that it seems as if they have always existed. However, do not rush to draw such conclusions: everything that you are used to using every day, without even thinking, was once invented by someone. Moreover, often the primary configurations of the devices and devices we were used to were so amazing and wonderful that not every modern person would have guessed what it really was.
Progress never stands still, because it is enough to remember how things that are common for all of us have changed over the past two decades. And what can we say about what metamorphoses have occurred with household appliances since their first appearance in the world. Look and be amazed at how the now familiar devices initially looked. I'm sure some of them will shock you!
The first remote control
Who can now imagine their life without this device? And the remote control was invented back in 1956 by the American Robert Adler. The console was mechanical and used ultrasound to set the channel and volume. It looked like this: when the user pressed the button, it clicked and hit the plate, each of which produced noise of different frequencies.
The first adhesive tape
You will be amazed, but despite the well-known name "scotch" (which means "Scottish" in Russian), this little thing was not invented in Scotland. It was invented by the German pharmacist Oskar Troplowitz in 1901. The invention was called "leukoplast" and was intended to protect skin lesions. To save a lot, the manufacturer of such a miracle initially applied glue only to the edges of the tape. For this, the Americans called the first duct tape scotch tape because of the widespread legends about Scottish stinginess.
First batch soap
A hygiene product such as soap has been known since the time of the Sumerians in Babylon. However, the first serial production of soap under the name "Ivory soap" was established already in 1879 by the well-known company Procter & Gamble. By the way, the first copy of this series was sold for 10 cents.
The first chemical matches
It may seem to you that matches have existed on Earth for as long as a person lives. However, you are greatly mistaken. The first matches were made in 1805 by the French chemist Jean Chancel. These were small wooden sticks that ignited when a head made of a mixture of sulfur, berthollet's salt, and cinnabar came into contact with concentrated sulfuric acid. And in 1826, the English chemist John Walker invented the sulfur matches familiar to all of us.
The first toothbrush
For the first time, the progenitors of modern toothbrushes began to be produced by the Englishman William Edis back in 1780, but the first patent for such an invention was received by the American Wadsworth already in 1850. You will be pretty surprised that such brushes were made of Siberian boar bristles, and their handle was made of bone. Who would have thought!
The first airbag
For the first time such a device saw the world in 1967 in the United States. At that time, Americans rarely used seat belts, so an innovation that made it possible to protect unfastened passengers in the event of a collision was in great demand.
The first shaving machine
It all started with the fact that once the American King Gillette's razor blade became dull, and there was not enough time to go to the hairdresser and sharpen it. Then he invented just an ingenious way: he clamped the blade between two plates in such a way that only two edges were exposed outward. The handle was attached separately - perpendicular to the blade.You understood everything correctly, this was the first prototype of the safety razor we are used to.
The first thermos
James Dewar dealt with the problem of long-term storage of liquefied gases - nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen, so he made a special vessel in the form of a flask with a narrow neck. To improve thermal insulation, the scientist covered the inside of the flask with a thin layer of silver. It is worth noting that the German Reynold Berger quickly realized that considerable commercial benefits could be derived from this discovery. The resourceful entrepreneur set up a vacuum flask company, adding a cup lid and a sealed stopper to the Dewar flask.
The first canned food
Such an excellent way of storing many food products, as preservation, became known to mankind thanks to the Frenchman Nicolas François Apper. The first canned foods were glass jars of fruit puree, broth, and stews, which were supplied to French soldiers during Napoleon's time. A little later, Upper opened his own shop in Paris and published his own book on conservation. Thus, the whole world soon learned about this ingenious invention.
Yes, yes, this linen bag, soaked in salts and herbal infusions, is nothing more than the first condom invented by the Italian Gabriele Faloppio. A little later, the idea appeared to make condoms from films and membranes of animal origin. Contraceptives like these were too expensive: rumor has it that they were only used in posh brothels.
The first ballpoint pen
It's hard to imagine, but until the twentieth century, people did not even know about such a device as a ballpoint pen. The great-grandmother of modern pens was invented by the Hungarian journalist Laszlo Biro in 1931, and patented already seven years later. By the way, in Argentina, where the journalist-inventor lived for many years, such pens are called "biroms" in his honor.
The first digital still camera
Engineer Stephen Sasson, who worked for Kodak, created the first digital camera back in 1975. The camera weighed almost three kilograms and was capable of recording 100 × 100-pixel images onto magnetic tape on a compact cassette. Those who used this device needed to have angelic patience, because each frame was recorded for 23 seconds!
The first medical syringe
It is interesting to know that the first prototypes of modern syringes were made from a rubber cylinder, inside which was placed a well-fitted leather and asbestos piston with a metal pin sticking out. At the same time, a hollow needle was attached to the other end of the cylinder. Since the cylinder was opaque, the drug dosage notches were made not on it, but on the metal pin of the piston.
I am amazed at how familiar things once looked … And many of them have an incredible history of creation! As you have seen, many ingenious inventions, without which you cannot even imagine your life today, were born due to chance.