We Master Embroidery On A Simple Sewing Machine

Sewing 2023

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We Master Embroidery On A Simple Sewing Machine
We Master Embroidery On A Simple Sewing Machine

Video: We Master Embroidery On A Simple Sewing Machine

Отличия серверных жестких дисков от десктопных
Video: Free Motion Sewing on a Regular Sewing Machine 2023, February
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You can embroider with any lockstitch sewing machine that can adjust the tension of the upper and lower threads. The most comfortable are foot center-bobbin sewing machines, which free up both hands of the embroiderer for work. You can use old cars that you inherited from your grandmothers and great-grandmothers.

embroidery
embroidery

Modern cars are driven by an electric motor, and we need a hand or foot drive in the machine.

Unfortunately, it is impossible to embroider on a typewriter with an electric motor! The fact is that at low speeds (with weak pressure on the pedal), the electric motor shaft rotates unevenly, in jerks. If in your machine the rheostat (a device in the pedal that changes the voltage) allows you to ensure the slowest rotation of the flywheel and at the same time the movement of the needle is smooth, without jerks, then this will be your incredible luck! My "Seagull" cannot! And, frankly, I do not know of such cases when an electric machine made it possible to do embroidery. And you can embroider only at a small number of machine revolutions, since the movement of the hoop is possible only in the intervals between the punctures of the fabric with a needle. We need coordination of the work of arms and legs, which will certainly appear over time. And at the very beginning, your right hand will almost constantly lie on the flywheel in order to make punctures in the fabric with the needle as accurately as possible, according to the lines of the embroidery pattern.

It is very important to set up correctly, prepare the machine for embroidery. Let's do it!

Setting up the machine for embroidery

1. Remove the presser foot.

2. Lower the teeth of the fabric motor or remove them completely if you will later use the machine only for embroidery.

embroidery by machine
embroidery by machine

3. Adjust the upper and lower thread tension.

The upper thread tension is weaker than the lower thread when embroidering, because the weave of threads when embroidering should be on the wrong side rather than in the middle of the fabric (s) as required when sewing. Turn the knurled nut counterclockwise with the presser bar lowered.

mechanized embroidery
mechanized embroidery

The bobbin thread tension is adjusted with the screw on the bobbin case.

Master Class
Master Class

4. Install the correct needle for you. The needle number should match the thickness of the fabric and the embroidery thread. (I have a # 90 needle as I usually embroider on medium thickness fabrics).

5. You will need round hoop with a low side and a small diameter, which should be less than or equal to the sleeve of the machine, so that when embroidering there is always enough room to twist the hoop.

mk
mk

6. The design of the embroidery you want to do is best done on a water-soluble stabilizer.

learning to embroider
learning to embroider

The use of carbon paper or the transfer of a design onto fabric by the method of sewing, when there is such a wonderful material as a water-soluble stabilizer, is already the last century. Why don't I recommend these two methods?

Considering that now most fabrics contain elastic threads in their composition, they are stretched, they just like that, without fixing with dublerin or non-woven fabric (and this, among other things, is also an additional thickening of the fabric), do not grind them. It is the inextensible, transparent, water-soluble stabilizer that allows you to embroider on pile and knitted fabrics!

In addition, the embroidery pattern pinned on tracing paper, being transferred to the fabric with a special mixture of kerosene and tooth powder or blue (where else can you get this blue?), Is a picture that still needs to be guessed. Since from the very beginning of the study of embroidery (and this was 25 years ago) I refused to be sealed, I have no photographs confirming my opinion. But, by analogy, look at the photo of a lace insert from the inside out. Try to understand what kind of drawing it is? A bitmap by sewing is something like this.

about embroidery
about embroidery

Compare now with the full weave pattern! Quite another matter!

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7. Hoop the fabric with the printed pattern or with the bent stabilizer into the hoop.

Put a large outer ring on the table, a fabric on top of it, and then, placing a smaller, inner ring on top of the fabric, press it in while pulling the fabric, be sure to observe the perpendicularity of the share and weft threads, without distortions. The tension should be very tight, like on a drum… If the fabric is not tight enough, then it will move up and down with the needle and the seam will not work. The needle will not pick up the bobbin thread from the hook, it will skipping stitches.

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Likewise, skipping stitches occurs if the hoop moves upward from the surface of the needle plate.

Attention! Do not forget at the beginning of work lower the presser foot lever! It is very important! Immediately on the seamy side, the thread begins to loop, and you do not see it, you do not notice until the violation of the stitches, entanglement of the threads becomes obvious.

And never spin the wheel in the opposite direction! The thread will break!

You may need weigh down pedal wheel to give it the necessary momentum to pass the "dead center". I needed it! The wheel, approaching the "dead center", not having the necessary inertia to pass it, stopped and began to move back, in the opposite direction, immediately breaking the thread!

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So, before starting work, check:

- the correct tension of the upper and lower threads (in the needle and in the shuttle);

- the tension of the fabric in the hoop;

- the position of the presser foot lever;

- set the stitch length dial to 0.

Bring the fabric in the hoop under the needle, lower the presser foot lever by turning the handwheel towards you with your right hand, pierce the fabric with the needle and, grasping the bobbin thread with the needle, pull it up.

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Secure the beginning of the sewing with a few strokes of the needle without moving the fabric, that is, making the punctures at almost the same point. Cut the threads with small scissors.

Try to sew in a straight line, make parallel lines, spirals, achieving a uniform, beautiful stitch that does not go beyond the lines of the applied pattern.

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Work patiently until you acquire the appropriate skills. You need a coordinated work of arms and legs, but this does not work right away!

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Working quickly with your feet and moving the hoop slowly will create a fine, tight stitch. By moving the hoop quickly and slowly with your feet, you get large, long stitches.

remember, that the beauty of your embroidery directly depends on your accuracy, the accuracy of the pattern, the accuracy of your stitches, the seams used, the stitches, the beauty of the threads used.

Always a simple embroidery pattern is much more interesting, it looks prettier in the material!

And we all know how embroidery can enrich, refine your product and improve and even correct figure flaws.

The main seams of machine embroidery

Many hand-stitches can be sewn with the machine, but much faster and easier than with your hands.

The main seams are stitching and satin stitching (cordone).

Stitches are the simplest type of embroidery: simple stitch, crochet, eyelets, spiral, embankment.

Simple line - this is the most commonly used stitch in embroidery. Maybe self-embroidery.

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These are small, uniform, even stitches with a length of only 1-1.5 mm. A simple line is used to line the lines of the embroidery pattern, fill in the space inside any fragments of the embroidery, make flooring to increase the volume of satin stitch embroidery, create shadows for tonal embroidery, embroidery of portraits.

The seams "vilyushka", "figure eight", "spirals", "embankments" are also made with small, identical stitches, loops.

Cordone ironing roller also very often used in embroidery. First, you need to make a simple stitch along the contour of the pattern, then take the c / b thread No. 10-40 in one or double fold and, securing the beginning of the thread with several strokes, overlap it with frequent transverse, identical stitches, trying to make punctures with the needle as close to the cushion threads … The overlap of the laying thread should be so tight that it is completely invisible. Nevertheless, it is advisable to select an interfacing thread in the color of the embroidery thread.

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A properly made satin stitch roller should be flat, convex, narrow and practically no wider than a cushion thread (or 2 threads).

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The interlining thread gives a beautiful rounded shape to the bead, and when embroidered with scallops and cutwork gives a durable, strong, beautiful edge. By the way, for strength, bridging can also be made by pulling the spacer thread and then processing it with a roller.

«Richelieu "- This is openwork embroidery, which is a pattern made of fabric, trimmed with a satin stitch roller, around which the background is cut out. "Richelieu" can be without breeds and with breeds.

Brides are airy stitches in cutwork embroidery.

"Richelieu" can be performed in the background stitching mesh.

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To make a stitching mesh, a fabric with a plain weave is needed. If the threads of the fabric on the weft and the warp are of different thicknesses, then the calculation of the pulling of the threads is done differently so that the cells (holes) of the mesh are square. After pulling out the threads, the net of the remaining threads is wrapped with embroidery thread, moving along the diagonal of the square, starting from the corner.

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Satin stitch, half stitch, cut stitch - these are also very often used in embroidery. The satin stitch is performed with neat, closely spaced stitches parallel to each other or at a slight slope.

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There is also this type of embroidery that I really like, this is fastened embroidery. You can have a beautiful thick thread or twisted cords, lay out the soutache according to the pattern.

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With soutache. Pre-laid out small loops with soutache, fixing them with manual stitching, and then made a line on the machine.

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Many types of embroidery (stitches, satin stitch, lacework, cutwork, guipure, appliqué, artistic stitching), when mastered and performed with high quality, greatly expand your artistic and creative possibilities.

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