From time to time you have to think about the difference between, for example, sushi and rolls.
Or a balcony from the loggia. Or an avenue from the boulevard.
Or olives from olives …
Let's sort out this confusion and answer all popular questions.
1. Olives and olives
Contrary to popular belief, olives and olives are the fruits of the same tree. All over the world, except for Russia and the CIS countries, the fruits of the olive tree are called olives (green or black).
In Russian, olives mean black olives that have reached full maturity. They are used for the production of olive oil.
2. Sushi and rolls
Sushi (sushi) is the common name for a popular Japanese cuisine made from glutinous rice and seafood. Rolls are a type of sushi.
Classic sushi are rice lumps covered with fish. And the rolls are rice rolls with a filling, wrapped in a nori seaweed sheet.
Unlike sushi, rolls can contain any fillings, while sushi is prepared only with seafood.
Sushi is cooked by hand, and rolls are cooked using a special makisu mat.
3. Piano, piano and grand piano
Piano is the general name for a class of instruments that have keys and hammer action.
Pianos, like grand pianos, are varieties of pianos.
Between themselves, the piano and the grand piano differ in shape and internal structure. In a piano, the strings, soundboard and mechanics are arranged vertically instead of horizontally, so the piano is smaller than the grand piano.
4. Prospect and boulevard
The avenue is a wide carriageway intended for traffic. Avenues are usually called central streets or those that connect important parts of the city.
The boulevard is an alley with a mandatory pedestrian zone and green spaces. Boulevards can be found in any part of the city, often serving as a green "outlet" in industrial areas or near busy roads.
5. Balcony and loggia
There is a misconception that a loggia is a glazed balcony. In fact, the balcony and the loggia differ more significantly.
A balcony is a hinged area that protrudes beyond the wall of the house and is open on three sides.
A loggia is a platform built into the premises, which is fenced on three sides by the walls of the building and is open only on one side.
Both the balcony and the loggia can be glazed.
6. Pressure cooker, multicooker and double boiler
The pressure cooker is a versatile heavy-walled saucepan with an airtight lid. The food inside the pressure cooker is under high pressure, which helps it cook two to three times faster. The pressure cooker can be used both on the stove and on the mains.
A multicooker is a device equipped with an electronic filling that controls all food preparation processes. A multicooker differs from a pressure cooker in richer functionality and cooking technology. There is no high pressure in the multicooker.
A steamer is a device consisting of several interconnected containers that steamed food. In a double boiler, unlike a multicooker and a pressure cooker, you can cook several dishes at the same time.
7. Circumference and circle
The circle is a closed line. A circle is a space bounded by a circle.
The circle is the border of the circle. A circle has a length, but a circle does not.
8. Wasp and bee
Outwardly, the wasp differs from the bee in a slender body and less dense hair. Wasps do not collect pollen and do not pollinate plants, unlike bees, whose main purpose in nature is to pollinate flowers. All bees produce honey. Among wasps, only some species can do this.
9. Twins and twins
From a medical point of view, the concept of "twins" does not exist. Two or more children who were born to one mother almost at the same time are called twins.At the same time, identical and fraternal twins are distinguished.
Identical twins are produced by fertilizing one egg, which is then shared. Different eggs are obtained when two eggs are fertilized with two sperm. It is they who are popularly called twins.
Identical twins are always of the same sex and are almost identical in appearance. Fraternal twins may not be more alike than regular siblings.
10. England and Great Britain
Great Britain is an island nation in Northwest Europe that includes four historical regions - England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Thus, England is a part of Great Britain. In English, the “regions” that make up the UK are called “countries”, which translates to “countries”. Perhaps this is the reason for the confusion that has arisen.
11. Fantasy and Science Fiction
Science fiction is a genre in fiction and art, which is characterized by a violation of the boundaries of reality, a description of fictional worlds. Modern fiction includes genres such as science fiction, fantasy, horror, magical realism, and many more.
Fantasy is a fantasy genre based on the use of mythological and fairy-tale motives. The fantasy world is characterized by magical creatures (sorcerers, elves, gnomes, dragons) and supernatural phenomena. The fundamental difference between the wonders of fantasy and their fairy-tale counterparts is that they are the norm of the described world and act systemically, like the laws of nature.
When people talk about the differences between fantasy and science fiction, they often mean another fantasy genre - science fiction.
12. Parcel post and parcel
The parcel post and the parcel differ, first of all, in their mass and volume. A parcel post is a small-sized postal item, the weight of which does not exceed two kilograms. By parcel, you can send large items weighing up to 10 (sometimes more) kilograms.
13. Deodorant and antiperspirant
Deodorants differ from antiperspirants in composition and mode of action. The mechanism of action of deodorants is to prevent the growth of bacteria in a humid environment. Deodorants mainly mask or reduce the smell of sweat.
Antiperspirants eliminate the cause of bad odors by blocking sweat glands. Deodorants usually last for several hours, while antiperspirants can provide protection for up to a day. Antiperspirants need to be used more carefully due to their chemical composition.
14. Epilation and depilation
Epilation - hair removal by destroying hair follicles. There are different types of hair removal: laser, photo, electrolysis and others.
Depilation - removal of the visible part of the hair. Distinguish between shaving and chemical depilation (using a cream).
Epilation removes hair for a longer time. However, there is no way to get rid of excess hair permanently today.
15. Perfume, eau de parfum, eau de toilette
Perfumes, eau de parfum and eau de toilette are types of perfumery that differ in the concentration of the perfume extract.
The highest concentration of aromatic composition in perfume (15-30% and more). This makes the perfume the most durable and expensive type of perfumery. Perfume because of its strong aroma is recommended for use in the evening and in winter.
Eau de parfum - perfumery containing 10-20% aromatic oils. Eau de parfum is often called daytime perfume, the smell lasts for about 4 hours.
Eau de toilette is a light type of perfumery containing 4-10% aroma oils. Eau de toilette can be used several times a day. Eau de toilette is great for the warm season.
16. Hotel and hotel
In the tourism industry, a hotel and a hotel are usually distinguished by the number and variety of services.
Hotels are called establishments for temporary residence, where all the necessary minimum of services required by the guest are offered.
The hotels offer a higher level of comfort and the widest possible range of additional services, including exclusive services.
17. Pasta and pasta
Pasta is a product made from dried dough of various shapes. Usually pasta is made from wheat flour.
Pasta is the European name for pasta and the same name for a popular Italian dish made from them.
Essentially, pasta and pasta are synonymous. In some countries (for example, in Italy) pasta (pasta) refers to products made only from durum wheat.