Many types of decorative stitches in hand-made embroidery enable needlewomen to realize, at times, even impossible projects. For example, here is a hemstitch, which includes many seams. They are used on a thinned canvas, and also, do not forget about tightening.
There is another common method, the so-called hardanger. In which, the counting surface is used, this is when cutting and tightening of openwork pieces of canvas occurs. Options such as hemstitching, hardanger and tightening of some fragments of the fabric contribute to the creation of a chic lace trim from ordinary fabric.
Fine work, in which it is necessary to carefully and accurately count the threads on the canvas, requires from the craftswomen a great skill in embroidery, which for beginners will be difficult to do. The popularity of hemstitching and hardanger is that these techniques are very unusual, and after the completion of the work, an incredible result is obtained that amazes even novice embroidery lovers. Let's try to understand in detail what a hemstitch and a hardanger are.
Let's try to find out the essential rules applied to fittings for creating hemstitch and hardanger techniques.
First of all, when performing the hemstitch and hardanger method, an important agreement is the counting of threads, for this, a fabric with a clear and pronounced weave is required. Before starting lessons and a master class on the technique of hemstitching and hardanger, you need to make an undercut and pull out a certain number of threads to make a seam. The thread, which will be used to sew the hemstitch in the embroidery, must be strong and slightly twisted. And also be of the correct thickness, in relation to the fabric with which the master class on embroidery will be held.
With a needle in this work, it is relatively easy. You need an ordinary needle for embroidery, which is available even for beginner lovers of needlework.
You will need an auxiliary tool such that it will come in handy to repeat the lessons and the master class, these are scissors with pointed and thin ends.
Before starting work, you need to remember how it is done without knotting the thread.
When using the length of the thread, they use the option of attaching the loops, which can be seen in cross stitching. Using one thread in the hemstitching method, it is necessary to make a stitch in the direction of the thread of the main fabric, which looks like a column and strengthen it, using a looped seam, near the foundation of the column.
Having calculated the point at which the strip for the hemstitching technique will be created, you need to fix its end in an interesting "rocking" way. We make one by one stitches in a horizontal position, grabbing one or two vertically lying base threads. The width of the strip of this hemstitch depends on our "rocking chair". We take sharpened scissors and carefully cut horizontally placed threads with them, and you can pull them out using a needle.
This is how a strip is created, which includes vertical threads, with a hemstitch made on it.
The elementary nature of the execution lies in the fact that the hemstitch, at the same time, looks significant, festive. Reminiscent of ethereal lace. It can be used to decorate even the simplest textile fabric.
The simplest hemstitch embroidery stitch, which is subject even to a beginner, is the "single twig" or "tassel" technique.
Let's try one master class in order to practice doing embroidery using the hemstitch technique.
Each hemstitch is done from the beginning on the left, moving to the right side. We start the seam by inserting a needle and thread, from the front side, the left corner located at the bottom, one thread below the stitches. Grasp the bundle of upright threads from the back. Then, we push the needle from below, on the right side of the first beam made and pull it out to the front side.Do such manipulations for the entire length of the hemstitch, and you will get the first tier of vertical columns, at the bottom.
If you make such a hemstitch on the top of the strip, doing everything in the opposite direction, you will have a hemstitch with the so-called "double twig".
The first skills in the hemstitching technique can be obtained by reading a master class or lessons. But, in order to consolidate the material, it is better to look at the photo and video, which presents an illustrative example. For those who want to master more complex options, by the way of hemstitching, such as "punk" and "lyakhovka", it is necessary to take lessons from the master of this business. You can practice on the basis of the video material.
The hardanger embroidery technique differs from hemstitching in that it embraces more space for activity. Hardanger, originated in the town of the same name, located in the northern part of Scandinavia. The hardanger technique involves the embroidery of tight bundles, which are in the vertical and horizontal position of the stitches of the smooth surface. The embroidery resembles unusual lace, different geometric shapes. The main featured shape is a square and an eight-petal flower. The items embroidered by the hardanger resemble an ancient work of art that was made back in the Middle Ages. Such handicraft, it is unrealistic to see in the photo, you need to feel and touch it with your hands. The main requirement of a hardanger is scrupulous counting of stitches.
Before embroidering, you need to purchase a suitable fabric. In it, the threads must match vertically and horizontally. Only because of this, different shapes and patterns in the hardanger style are obtained.
The threads are used in hardanger, strong and twisted. Depending on the embroidery, either thin or thick threads are used. The color scheme should not be radically different from the canvas, or even be of the same color.
Now, we will discuss a thread fastening in which knots are not provided. Because, in the end, bumps form on the fabric, which radically spoil the entire embroidery. In order to secure the thread, you need to leave its end, 8 cm long, and then stretch it under the tiers of threads from the inside out.
Let's repeat the lessons and master class, the most common square embroidery, in the hardanger style. It will contain an odd number of stitches horizontally and vertically. It is necessary to use threads on the base that are parallel to similar stitches.
The next seam is called looped or "langet". In this case, the hardanger uses thick threads. This method is made for edging the edges of the fabric when separating them with the cutting of segments.
In hardanger embroidery, round shapes are not used, only right angles. A seam with loops is necessary in order to prevent the canvas from premature spilling, subsequently erupting.
We hope that the presented master class on the study of the style of hemstitching and hardanger can now be repeated, even by novice masters and fans of this method of embroidery. To consolidate the material, study the photo and video material presented on our website.
If, you overcome these lessons, by studying the technique of hemstitching or hardanger, then in the end, you will be able to make a breathtaking and airy embroidery that will adequately decorate the interior of your hearth.