The young, but already world famous, Belgian architect Vincent Callebaut has developed a unique concept of futuristic floating “ocean villages” - Aequore. The project is especially interesting because for the construction of floating buildings they intend to use a material that is practically available for today's ocean - a composite of recycled plastic waste and algae (algoplast). The base is supposed to be 3D printed and resemble quirky and colorful luminescent jellyfish in shape and color.
The proposed concept is a kind of personal response of the architect to modern anthropogenic and social challenges associated with the depletion of natural resources and overpopulation of the planet. The project, according to its original idea, aims to resolve long-term tensions between Western governments and African countries in terms of providing energy resources, so its construction is planned in the ocean off the coast of Rio de Janeiro.
Each cell of the "ocean village" will be about 500 meters in diameter and can accommodate up to 20 thousand inhabitants ("aquanauts"). To provide residents with food and water, it is planned to build specialized farms, a kind of hybrid farms located on ground open areas. In addition, the self-sufficiency of water settlements will be ensured by modern information and communication technologies. All residential structures are modular and can combine workspaces, plant processing facilities, science laboratories, educational "hotels", sports fields, etc.
Once the basic structures are built, these ecosystems can continue to grow on their own, using calcium carbonate in the water to form an additional outer skeleton, semi-permeable membranes to desalinate seawater, and microalgae to generate energy for heating and climate control. … The entire Aequore system will navigate ocean waters like modern large submarines and ships.
The idea developed by Vincent Calleba is not only a major architectural project. This is a holistic concept of a new, based on horizontal ties, egalitarian, equal in status to each of its members, future society. Built on the model of "environmentally conscious entrepreneurship" as the socio-economic basis of a utopian society, according to the author of the idea.