Most Soviet citizens did not have the opportunity to enjoy a comfortable life, design and architecture. The turning point was November 4, 1955 - the date of the release of the notorious decree "On the elimination of excesses in design and construction": strict functionality and efficiency were put at the forefront. More than one generation has grown up in this paradigm, having formed certain habits and ways of life. And she passed on her attitudes to the children.
In this article, we will try to find techniques for "extracting" more comfort and pleasure from the space where you live. Experience has shown that it is impossible to build high-quality aesthetics without such a base: either the apartment will look like a museum, or everyday life will still prevail.
In the first part of the article, we will talk about those planning decisions that we ignore in vain. And in the second - let's pay attention to seemingly insignificant details that add an order of magnitude to the house of psychological (first of all) comfort.
1. Lack of space for drying clothes
It is believed that this requires a lot of space. It is enough to put a washing machine in the kitchen or bathroom, and wet linen … Well, he has a way to the balcony or drying in the bathroom (well, if not on the Swedish wall in the nursery). As a result, our not the largest apartments turn into drying grounds. Even on the balcony, linen does not dry instantly, and you are unlikely to start container floriculture at the same time as linen. It’s even worse if the drying process takes place in the bathroom, and instead of taking a shower and resting, we are forced to fight for the very right to wash.
Fact: The required minimum size of the laundry room is less than 1 square meter, while to save space, the tumble dryer and washing machine are stacked one on top of the other. There are systems where an additional box for dirty linen is mounted below.
Drying can be organized anywhere: in a closed cabinet in the hallway, in the kitchen, in the pantry room. The most important thing is that wet laundry is removed from the area of an open visual view.
Advice: When planning such a room, be sure to take care of the supply of electricity, cold water and drainage. All of this is easier than it sounds. And electricity bills won't be as daunting with Class A appliances.
2. Dressing room - not for "small"
The train of thought is the same: you need a lot of space, but in our apartments it is not. Wardrobes are impossible to design, so (bingo!) We will put a lot of wardrobes on the walls. As a result, the rooms begin to resemble the branches of a furniture store, cabinets (especially if there are many of them) visually protrude, fill the volume and drag the space.
I would also like to dwell on the topic of sliding wardrobes. They are not in any high interior. For the most part, this type of cabinet has a low aesthetic value - odd-sized canvases (very wide board), controversial colors (for example, cherry or photo prints), mirrors or frosted glass. Doors do not stand on the same plane: all interior fittings are always visually distinguishable, and they are not about beauty.
In almost any, even a very small apartment, there is enough space for a dressing room. The presence of such a room is always great functionality and comfort.
All other things being equal, an apartment with a dressing room is more expensive than an apartment without a dressing room for resale.
And one more statement is almost always true: building a dressing room is more cost effective than ordering wardrobes, even sliding ones.
Tip: When planning to make a dressing room, look at the size range of cabinets (their depth is different), dressing room elements and accessories - so that you can use precious meters with maximum efficiency. And just in case: the minimum comfortable size of aisle between cabinets and shelves is 1 m.
3. If the kitchen is expensive, do not clutter it
Nothing like this.Especially if you ordered a lot of beautiful open shelves - they create lightness and airiness of space. Yes! And now we put on them cereals, packs of tea and bags of cookies. And thus, the wonders of graphic and industrial design (packaging) from many different authors, good and not so, enter your home. Their goal was to get you to buy a product, and not to decorate the interior. You see these design surrogates every day, year after year. The money that was spent on the kitchen doesn't work. There is no aesthetics - there is vanity.
Tip: In principle, this applies to all open shelves in the apartment. It is necessary to understand in advance what and where will be displayed. To store groceries, you need to design roomy closed shelves. And on open - show favorites: beautiful dishes, for example.
4. A guest toilet in an apartment for three is overkill
One bathroom is enough, why waste money and precious meters on it? There are only three of us in the apartment (for example).
In the future, we deprive ourselves of a fair amount of comfort: no one wants to rush into the bathroom and hear a knock on the door - this is less than pleasant. You do not have to maintain perfect order for guests in the family bathroom (and be embarrassed if strangers see hygiene items that are not intended for their eyes).
Fact: If desired and technical capabilities, the guest bathroom can be made on an area close to 1 (one) square meter! It is only important to clarify the possibilities for agreeing on such a redevelopment, based on the capabilities of your home.
5. Top of the bourgeoisie - bathroom in the bedroom
If there is enough space, be sure to include a separate private block in the plan, where you can include not only the bathroom, but also the dressing room with it: 22-25 square meters is already enough for this purpose.
If the apartment has two risers, or it is possible to conduct a separate sewer line additionally, then think about it again: this will change your usual way of being more comfortable.
So, we proceed to the second part - namely, we argue how to feel calm and confident in space.
6. Make predictable layouts
Remember your panic when you first enter the maze: the brain gives out a similar reaction in the interior with dead ends, unexpected corners and turns. Even if this does not happen so clearly, it will definitely not let your nervous system relax, and therefore, you will not rest at home, although you will get used to everything.
Compare the clear functionality of modern tablets, which even children understand in a couple of hours, and the functionality that computers were endowed with 15 years ago. The same with the layout: it should be simple and intuitive.
No amount of spectacular decor will help with an indistinct layout. The decor is like a cherry on a cake: yes, it is big, important and beautiful, but if the cake is of inadequate quality, then "in the bottom line" and the cherry is thrown away money. Therefore, the first thing I advise you to “fight” with is changing the logic of an illogical space, correcting planning errors, of which there are many.
7. More light
Bring in as much light as possible, give your brain signals of calmness.
8. Above the door
It is widely believed that doors come in standard heights of 200 or 210 cm - other sizes are custom made and cost a fortune. What we get: we are not even looking for an alternative - we live with low and wide doors that visually lower the ceiling.
Entering high doors, a person feels more confident, worthy, probably, the brain gives a signal: the entrance is not low, there is light and space. Apartments with higher doors, all other things being equal, never look economy class.
Everyone or almost everyone admires the elegance of French interiors: they always have doors either high or very high (literally under the ceiling).
Yes, they are narrow at the same time, and if you need a wide passage, you need not one door, but two narrow high double swing doors. And believe me, the height of standard doors from modern manufacturers can be different. Almost all manufacturers know how to make 2.20, 2.30, 2.40.
Tip: If possible, choose doors as narrow as possible (70 cm is usually enough), but before that, understand what overall furniture you will be carrying through them. What if it turns out to be a piano?
9. Get the toilet out of sight
Everyone is familiar with situations when, entering a beautiful spacious bathroom, the first thing you do is gaze into the toilet. Which in any case is perceived as “the dirtiest place in the house”, no matter what design item occupies this place.
And it’s hard to imagine right away that the bathroom is a space where people really bask in a bubble bath and drink champagne. No matter how spacious and richly decorated it is.
Even if the bathroom is small, consider installing a bathtub or beautiful sink opposite the entrance. There is always a solution: almost all manufacturers have a range of plumbing fixtures in compact sizes.
10. Give up artificial
Substitutes for natural beauty have firmly entered our life, including in decoration. If it seems to you that they are visually no different, you may even be right. Some people are also fond of artificial flowers, visually similar to real ones. But the sensations are different: they just do not deliver the same pleasure!
So it is here: you walk on this floor and feel the pressed shavings and film; you open and close curtains that will never wrinkle or wear off. Now is the time to be indignant: a) it is expensive! b) natural material needs care!
You can argue about prices - there is a huge supply of materials on the market, including from Russian manufacturers, at a very competitive cost. As for the "indestructibility" of synthetics, let us allow ourselves an analogy with expensive clothing. Ditching polyester in favor of cashmere takes your wardrobe to a whole new level. Yes, you can't put such a sweater in a typewriter and you can't dry it on a battery - you have to take it to the dry cleaner. And yes, it will deteriorate if mistreated.
Yes, nothing lasts forever, natural interiors age. But this is not a reason to deprive yourself of the pleasure of using them here and now.